‎Characteristics

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==Characteristics==
 
==Characteristics==
   
All the rules of Holacracy are clearly laid out in a document, the [http://holacracy.org/resources/holacracy-constitution Holacracy Constitution]. A brief overview of each of holacracy’s structural elements and key practices:  
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All the rules of Holacracy are clearly laid out in a document, the [https://www.holacracy.org/resources/holacracy-constitution Holacracy Constitution]. A brief overview of each of holacracy’s structural elements and key practices:  
   
 
'''Core Structure'''
 
'''Core Structure'''
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When accountabilities are dropped or individual action leads to harm, balance is reestablished through a restorative justice system rather than a punitive one. First, all individuals involved "look in the mirror" to find their contribution to the situation, and take restorative action to bring the system back into balance. The extent of their restorative action is commensurate with their contribution, as measured by the relevant circle. Once restorative action is underway, the circles involved use the situation to learn and adapt, by defining or evolving accountabilities, limits, measurements, and policies to transcend the need for the injustice in the first place.
 
When accountabilities are dropped or individual action leads to harm, balance is reestablished through a restorative justice system rather than a punitive one. First, all individuals involved "look in the mirror" to find their contribution to the situation, and take restorative action to bring the system back into balance. The extent of their restorative action is commensurate with their contribution, as measured by the relevant circle. Once restorative action is underway, the circles involved use the situation to learn and adapt, by defining or evolving accountabilities, limits, measurements, and policies to transcend the need for the injustice in the first place.
(http://holacracy.org/how-it-works)
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(https://www.holacracy.org/how-it-works)
   
 
==Principles==
 
==Principles==
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* Make everything explicit – from vacation policies to decision makers in each area.
 
* Make everything explicit – from vacation policies to decision makers in each area.
 
* Distribute decision-making power and discourage consensus seeking.
 
* Distribute decision-making power and discourage consensus seeking.
* Eliminate all the extraneous factors that worry people so they can focus on work.
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* Eliminate all the extraneous factors that worry people so they can focus on work."
(http://firstround.com/article/How-Medium-is-building-a-new-kind-of-company-with-no-managers)
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(https://firstround.com/review/How-Medium-is-building-a-new-kind-of-company-with-no-managers)
   
 
==Status==
 
==Status==
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Creative Commons open source licence for the Holacracy Constitution –  
 
Creative Commons open source licence for the Holacracy Constitution –  
 
which a growing number of organizations use to guide their self-managed ‘operating system’."
 
which a growing number of organizations use to guide their self-managed ‘operating system’."
(http://www.enliveningedge.org/news/holacracy-makes-the-leap-to-open-source-and-zaps-the-painful-legalese/)
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(https://www.enliveningedge.org/news/holacracy-makes-the-leap-to-open-source-and-zaps-the-painful-legalese/)
   
 
==Discussion==
 
==Discussion==
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Holacracy is essentially a set of inward-looking hierarchical mechanisms that connect the circles. Each circle is required to be run democratically and openly, with exhaustively detailed procedures on how things like meetings are to be managed and how decisions are to be made. For those interested, there are even more detailed sets of procedures for other kinds of issues. But each circle, however democratic it is, works within a vertical hierarchy and is required to look upwards for instructions as to its purpose and guidance on how it is doing in response to that purpose. The emphasis on vertical hierarchy should be no surprise because the concept of holacracy is based on the explicitly hierarchical thinking of the authors, Arthur Koestler and Ken Wilber."
 
Holacracy is essentially a set of inward-looking hierarchical mechanisms that connect the circles. Each circle is required to be run democratically and openly, with exhaustively detailed procedures on how things like meetings are to be managed and how decisions are to be made. For those interested, there are even more detailed sets of procedures for other kinds of issues. But each circle, however democratic it is, works within a vertical hierarchy and is required to look upwards for instructions as to its purpose and guidance on how it is doing in response to that purpose. The emphasis on vertical hierarchy should be no surprise because the concept of holacracy is based on the explicitly hierarchical thinking of the authors, Arthur Koestler and Ken Wilber."
(http://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2014/01/15/making-sense-of-zappos-and-holacracy/)
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(https://www.forbes.com/sites/stevedenning/2014/01/15/making-sense-of-zappos-and-holacracy/#6d99c9cd3207)
   
 
===Critique: a missing piece===
 
===Critique: a missing piece===
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To supplement this tactic on the positive end, the company also introduced a ‘High Five Machine’ – a dashboard where anyone can write in and praise a co-worker, streaming throughout the office. It’s an invention borne out of Holacracy, spun out of the unique needs this kind of system creates."
 
To supplement this tactic on the positive end, the company also introduced a ‘High Five Machine’ – a dashboard where anyone can write in and praise a co-worker, streaming throughout the office. It’s an invention borne out of Holacracy, spun out of the unique needs this kind of system creates."
(http://firstround.com/article/How-Medium-is-building-a-new-kind-of-company-with-no-managers)
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(https://firstround.com/review/How-Medium-is-building-a-new-kind-of-company-with-no-managers/)
   
 
===Eliminating human emotion is not working===
 
===Eliminating human emotion is not working===
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"I felt like being part of a code, operating [within] an algorithm that is optimized for machines, but not for humans. Instead of feeling more whole, self-organized and more powerful, I felt trapped. The circles I was being part of did not feel empowering at all but taking away my natural authenticity as well as my feeling of aliveness. It was fully unnatural and we were disciplined by rigorous protocols and procedures."
 
"I felt like being part of a code, operating [within] an algorithm that is optimized for machines, but not for humans. Instead of feeling more whole, self-organized and more powerful, I felt trapped. The circles I was being part of did not feel empowering at all but taking away my natural authenticity as well as my feeling of aliveness. It was fully unnatural and we were disciplined by rigorous protocols and procedures."
(https://pazifika.com/2016/04/03/holacracy-not-safe-enough-to-try/)
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(https://juliaculen.com/2016/04/03/holacracy-not-safe-enough-to-try/)
   
 
'''Aimee Groth:'''
 
'''Aimee Groth:'''
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As it turns out, eliminating “the human element” doesn’t make it go away. Worse, it leads to an undercurrent of resentment. At Zappos, dissatisfaction with Holacracy played a role (though it wasn’t the only reason) in nearly a third of the company walking out the door in 2015. That same year, Zappos dropped off of Fortune’s “Best Companies to Work for list” for the first time in years."
 
As it turns out, eliminating “the human element” doesn’t make it go away. Worse, it leads to an undercurrent of resentment. At Zappos, dissatisfaction with Holacracy played a role (though it wasn’t the only reason) in nearly a third of the company walking out the door in 2015. That same year, Zappos dropped off of Fortune’s “Best Companies to Work for list” for the first time in years."
(http://qz.com/849980/zappos-is-struggling-with-holacracy-because-humans-arent-designed-to-operate-like-software/)
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(https://qz.com/849980/zappos-is-struggling-with-holacracy-because-humans-arent-designed-to-operate-like-software/)
   
See also: Holacracy is fundamentally broken, http://www.forbes.com/sites/jurgenappelo/2016/07/14/holacracy-is-fundamentally-broken/#4b2bce98c56a
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See also: Holacracy is fundamentally broken, https://www.forbes.com/sites/jurgenappelo/2016/07/14/holacracy-is-fundamentally-broken/#74a833881126
   
 
===Holacracy has individualistic assumptions===
 
===Holacracy has individualistic assumptions===
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Don’t underestimate culture fit in hiring. This is something Stirman can’t emphasize enough, especially if you’re looking to adopt a more Holacratic mindset. “You want to make sure you hire only people you wouldn’t mind getting stuck in an airport with,” he says. “So many people fall into this trap of hiring highly skilled people who are bad culture fits. And I’d argue that’s the worst kind of hire – even worse than a poorly skilled person. If they’re as skilled as you think they are, they’ll gain power, influence and get more deeply enrooted in your technology, process and product."
 
Don’t underestimate culture fit in hiring. This is something Stirman can’t emphasize enough, especially if you’re looking to adopt a more Holacratic mindset. “You want to make sure you hire only people you wouldn’t mind getting stuck in an airport with,” he says. “So many people fall into this trap of hiring highly skilled people who are bad culture fits. And I’d argue that’s the worst kind of hire – even worse than a poorly skilled person. If they’re as skilled as you think they are, they’ll gain power, influence and get more deeply enrooted in your technology, process and product."
(http://firstround.com/article/How-Medium-is-building-a-new-kind-of-company-with-no-managers)
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(https://firstround.com/review/How-Medium-is-building-a-new-kind-of-company-with-no-managers)
 
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==More Information==
 
==More Information==
* Whitepaper at http://www.holacracy.org/whitepaper
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* Whitepaper at https://www.holacracy.org/whitepaper
* introduction to Holacracy Webinar ; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PH4RVc4F-_E&index=73&list=WLyqnJp6BgT07hbMGTuNIvUA
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* introduction to Holacracy Webinar ; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PH4RVc4F-_E
* short text about the different elements of Holacracy. http://holacracy.org/how-it-works
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* short text about the different elements of Holacracy. https://www.holacracy.org/how-it-works
 
* Holacracy Constitution 4.1 on Github (where practitioners can suggest improvements): https://github.com/holacracyone/Holacracy-Constitution
 
* Holacracy Constitution 4.1 on Github (where practitioners can suggest improvements): https://github.com/holacracyone/Holacracy-Constitution
* Constitution 4.1 webinar: http://www.holacracy.org/open-source
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* Constitution 4.1 webinar: https://www.holacracy.org/open-source
* Holacarcy.org apps (includes App design toolkit): http://www.holacracy.org/apps
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* Holacarcy.org apps (includes App design toolkit): https://www.holacracy.org/apps
* Holacracy – how it works page: http://www.holacracy.org/how-it-works/
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* Holacracy – how it works page: https://www.holacracy.org/how-it-works/
   
 
Comparisons between holacracy and [[sociocracy]]:
 
Comparisons between holacracy and [[sociocracy]]:
   
#http://holacracy.org/resources/sociocracy-holacracy
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#https://www.holacracy.org/sociocracy-holacracy
 
#http://socialcompare.com/en/comparison/decision-making-tools
 
#http://socialcompare.com/en/comparison/decision-making-tools
   

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